Utilizing Distributed Ledger Technology to Integrate Anglophone and Indigenous Pedagogies in the 21st Century – The Case for Hawaii

Jackson, Gregory Howard (2020) Utilizing Distributed Ledger Technology to Integrate Anglophone and Indigenous Pedagogies in the 21st Century – The Case for Hawaii. Doctoral thesis, University of Buckingham.

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Abstract

The emergence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) is rapidly transforming many global industries influenced by the growth and use of artificial intelligence (AI), distributed ledger technology (DLT), ubiquitous cloud and edge computing as well as other emerging digital platform-based systems. Mobile technologies and their use and adoption in education have generated research concerning new approaches for technology-enhanced learning (TEL), including mobile learning (m-learning). The evolution of TEL and recent research on m-learning and ubiquitous learning (u-learning) offer the potential for a new phase of educational delivery marked by a continuity of the learning experience across different learning settings using the mobile device as the mediator. Chan and colleagues use the term “seamless learning” to describe these new affordances. Indigenous peoples have historically experienced both the positive and negative effects of being educated within the Anglophone tradition. American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian students have had the highest high-school dropout rates of any racial or ethnic groups in the United States and are the least represented on college campuses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. This thesis has selected the Native Hawaiian indigenous culture for in-depth analysis. It examines the epistemological and ontological underpinnings of the Native Hawaiian worldview and the educational history of indigenous Hawaiians in the State of Hawaii, both ancient and modern. In addition, it examines the potential for the synthesis of the Anglophone and Native Hawaiian pedagogical traditions in order to improve educational outcomes for these and other indigenous students attending United States public schools. Since the early 1960s, the education of Native Hawaiians in the State of Hawaii has undergone a gradual systemic transformation that has led to improved outcomes. To that end, the Hawaiian language, cultural values, and the use of traditional pedagogies have blossomed, primarily due to the establishment of indigenous-led Hawaiian culture-based education (CBE) initiatives and scholarship. Moreover, the creation of a growing number of Hawaiian Language Immersion and Public Charter Schools has elevated these CBE pedagogies to a new level of importance within the public education system of Hawaii. While significant challenges to increased progress remain, the innovative use of a cultural strengths-based approach has succeeded in addressing several of the historical barriers hindering Native Hawaiian student motivation and engagement in education. In addition, empirical research conducted in Hawaii has verified a CBE model framework capable of improving indigenous student outcomes within the Anglophone traditions of the United States educational system. This thesis examines the potential for the integration of traditional Anglophone and indigenous pedagogies implemented through mobile seamless learning modalities. It analyses the significant synergies available through the utilization of DLT and Hyperledger applications for the facilitation of seamless learning interactions between providers and seekers of education when structured within a new integrative model. It also examines the unexplored gaps in the research associated with mobile-assisted seamless learning (MSL) and recommends the potential application of the model design to close those gaps, increase the seamlessness of MSL and propel learning opportunities. The model is then situated within both the Anglophone and Native Hawaiian pedagogical traditions in order to illustrate the MSL affordances available for both educators and mobile indigenous learners. Finally, several use cases of the integrative model are provided to demonstrate its flexibility and extendibility in different m-learning and other indigenous and traditional learning environments. While not a comprehensive or complete solution, this integrative model nonetheless has implications for future research as well as potentially broad applications for indigenous communities to collaborate and share their knowledge at a lower cost, and for educators and students worldwide to benefit mutually as the Fourth Industrial Revolution advances.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Distributed ledger technology ; Technology-enhanced learning ; Indigenous pedagogy ; Culture-based education
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Divisions: School of Education
Depositing User: Rachel Pollard
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2021 12:30
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 12:30
URI: http://bear.buckingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/519

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