The Role of sentiment in the economy: 1920-1934

Kabiri, Ali and James, Harold and Landon-Lane, John and Tuckett, David and Nyman, Rickard (2022) The Role of sentiment in the economy: 1920-1934. The Economic History Review. ISSN 1468-0289

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This paper investigates sentiment in the US economy from 1920 to 1934 using digitized articles from the Wall St Journal. We derive a monthly sentiment index and use a ten variable vector error correction model to identify sentiment shocks that are orthogonal to fundamentals. We show the timing and strength of these shocks and their resultant effects on the economy using historical decompositions. Intermittent impacts of up to fifteen percent on Industrial Production, ten percent on the S&P 500 and Bank loans and, thirty-seven basis points for the Credit risk spread, suggest a large role for sentiment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Economic History Society
Uncontrolled Keywords: Great Depression ; General Theory ; Algorithmic Text Analysis ; Behavioural Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: School of Humanities & Social Sciences > Economics
Depositing User: Ali Kabiri
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2022 13:23
Last Modified: 05 May 2022 08:45

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