Neuropathic pain in a rehabilitation setting after spinal cord injury: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of inpatients’ experiences

Hearn, Jasmine Heath and Finlay, Katherine A. and Fine, Philip A. and Cotter, Imogen (2017) Neuropathic pain in a rehabilitation setting after spinal cord injury: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of inpatients’ experiences. Spinal Cord Series and Cases, 3. pp. 1-9. ISSN 2058-6124 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41394-017-0032-9

Abstract

Study Design: Qualitative, semi-structured interviews. Objectives: Neuropathic pain (NP) can be psychologically and physically debilitating, and is present in approximately half of the spinal cord injured (SCI) population. However, under half of those with NP are adherent to pain medication. Understanding the impact of NP during rehabilitation is required to reduce long-term impact and to promote adherence to medication and psychoeducation recommendations. Setting: United Kingdom. Methods: Five males and three females with SCI and chronic NP, resident in rehabilitation wards at a specialist SCI Centre in the UK, took part. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants less than 15 months post-SCI (mean = 8.4 months). Verbatim transcripts were subject to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Results: Three super-ordinate themes were identified, mediating pain and adherence: (1) the dichotomy of safety perceptions; (2) adherence despite adversity; and (3) fighting the future. Analyses suggest that experience of the rehabilitation setting and responsiveness of care shapes early distress. Attitudes to medication and psychosocial adjustment are relevant to developing expectations about pain management. Conclusions: Enhancing self-efficacy, feelings of safety in hospital, and encouraging the adoption of adaptive coping strategies may enhance psychosocial and pain-related outcomes, and improve adherence to medication. Encouraging adaptive responses to, and interpretation of, pain, through the use of interventions such as coping effectiveness training, targeted cognitive behavioural pain management, and acceptance-based interventions such as mindfulness, is recommended in order to reduce long-term reliance on medication. Keywords: SCI/SCD; pharmacological treatment; acceptance; coping; safety

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SCI/SCD; pharmacological treatment; acceptance; coping; safety
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: School of Medicine > Medical School
School of Science > Psychology
Depositing User: Jasmine Hearn
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 16:30
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 10:06
URI: http://bear.buckingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/229

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