UNILS: Unconstrained indoors localization scheme based on Cooperative Smartphones networking with onboard inertial, Bluetooth and GNSS devices

Maghdid, Halgurd and Lami, Ihsan (2015) UNILS: Unconstrained indoors localization scheme based on Cooperative Smartphones networking with onboard inertial, Bluetooth and GNSS devices. In: 28th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation, 14 - 18 September 2015, Tampa, Florida. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Location-based services (LBS) are becoming an important feature on today’s smartphones (SPs), tablets and wearable devices. Seamless outdoors-indoors navigation, and especially for accurate indoors localization, is the main demand of LBS users. Onboard WiFi, Bluetooth (BT) or inertial-sensors technologies have been proven to somewhat provide alternative solutions in GNSS-signal-denied areas (i.e. indoors) to define SPs location. However, limited coverage of WiFi access-points (WAPs), pre-installed BT-anchors, constrained of WAPs/BT-anchors physical positions within a building, and limitations of existing localisation techniques (in a standalone mode) on SPs are some of the main challenges to designing a spontaneous autonomous positioning solution with reliable accuracy at reasonable cost. This paper proposes an unconstrained indoors localization scheme (UNILS) based on cooperative SPs networking to tackle these challenges. The aim of this new scheme is to fuse multi-technologies measurements on SPs. The scheme uses relative-pseudoranging (based on time-of-arrival TOA technique) approach between the connected SPs that are GNSS enabled, especially when the majority of the SPs are outdoors, and combining this with uncertainty calculations from onboard dead-reckoning (DR) measurements using Kalman Filter, that can provide seamless and improve location accuracy significantly, especially when deep indoors. This means that, in deep indoors, UNILS can utilize only available devices/sensors on SPs, when communication with WAPs or BT-anchors is deemed unreliable or unavailable, to offer reasonable cost & good localization performance. Results obtained from actual trials & simulations (using OPNET) of this scheme (based on Android-SPs network implementations for various indoors scenarios) show that around 3-meters accuracy can be achieved when locating SPs at various deep indoors situations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fusing localization technologies; Bluetooth, inertial sensor, GNSS; Indoors- Smartphone localization; TOA, DR
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: School of Science > Applied Computing
Depositing User: Ihsan Lami
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2016 09:42
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2016 09:42
URI: http://bear.buckingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/65

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