Lipopolysaccharide induces a downregulation of adiponectin receptors in-vitro and in-vivo

Hall, Alison and Leuwer, Martin and Trayhurn, Paul and Welters, Ingeborg (2015) Lipopolysaccharide induces a downregulation of adiponectin receptors in-vitro and in-vivo. PeerJ. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2167-8359

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Background. Adipose tissue contributes to the inflammatory response through production of cytokines, recruitment of macrophages and modulation of the adiponectin system. Previous studies have identified a down-regulation of adiponectin in pathologies characterised by acute (sepsis and endotoxaemia) and chronic inflammation (obesity and type-II diabetes mellitus). In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that LPS would reduce adiponectin receptor expression in a murine model of endotoxaemia and in adipoocyte andmyocyte cell cultures. Methods. 25 mg/kg LPS was injected intra-peritoneally into C57BL/6J mice,equivalent volumes of normal saline were used in control animals. Mice were killed at 4 or 24 h post injection and tissues harvested. Murine adipocytes (3T3-L1) and myocytes (C2C12) were grown in standard culture, treated with LPS (0.1 μg/ml–10 μg/ml) and harvested at 4 and 24 h. RNA was extracted and qPCR was conducted according to standard protocols and relative expression was calculated. Results. After LPS treatment there was a significant reduction after 4 h in gene expression of adipo R1 in muscle and peri-renal fat and of adipo R2 in liver, peri-renal fat and abdominal wall subcutaneous fat. After 24 h, significant reductions were limited tomuscle. Cell culture extracts showed varied changes with reduction in adiponectin and adipo R2 gene expression only in adipocytes. Conclusions. LPS reduced adiponectin receptor gene expression in several tissues including adipocytes. This reflects a down-regulation of this anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitising pathway in response to LPS. The trend towards base line after 24 h in tissue depots may reflect counter-regulatory mechanisms. Adiponectin receptor regulation differs in the tissues investigated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adiponectin receptors, Adipose tissue, Adiponectin, Lipopolysaccharide
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: School of Science > Metabolic Research
Depositing User: Paul Trayhurn
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2018 09:44
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2018 09:44

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