PCR arrays indicate that the expression of extracellular matrix and cell adhesion genes in human adipocytes is regulated by IL-1β (interleukin-1β)

Kępczyńska, Malgorzata A. and Zaibi, Mohamed S. and Alomar, Suliman Y. and Trayhurn, Paul (2016) PCR arrays indicate that the expression of extracellular matrix and cell adhesion genes in human adipocytes is regulated by IL-1β (interleukin-1β). Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, 123 (1). pp. 61-67. ISSN 1381-3455 (Print), 1744-4160 (Online)

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Abstract

The role of IL-1β in regulating the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell adhesion genes in human adipocytes has been examined. Adipocytes differentiated in culture were incubated with IL-1β for 4 or 24 h and RNA probed with PCR arrays for 84 ECM and cell adhesion genes. Treatment with IL-1β resulted in changes in the expression at one or both time points of ~50% of the genes probed by the arrays, the majority being down-regulated. Genes whose expression was down-regulated by IL-1β included those encoding several collagen chains and integrin subunits. In contrast, IL-1β induced substantial increases (>10-fold) in the expression of ICAM1, VCAM1, MMP1 and MMP3; the secretion of the encoded proteins was also markedly stimulated. IL-1β has a pervasive effect on the expression of ECM and cell adhesion genes in human adipocytes, consistent with the derangement of tissue structure during inflammation in white fat.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adipose tissue; fibrosis; ICAM1; MMPs; VCAM1
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: School of Science > Metabolic Research
Depositing User: Paul Trayhurn
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2017 12:49
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2017 12:49
URI: http://bear.buckingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/191

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